7/20 annotation

In “The arab muslim slave trade of africans, the untold story”, we are told that 28 million africans have been enslaved in the past 14 centuries. Following this comparisons are made between the transatlantic trade and the trans saharan trade, such highlights include more women than men being transported via the TS trade for the purpose of sexual exploitation in contrast most males were moved across the atlantic and were used for agricultural work. Descendants of slaves in the americas continued to thrive in the states, very few slaves in the middle east survived. As time continued in the americas the slaves were allowed to marry and have kids, men in the middle were castrated and kids were killed after birth. When traveling the atlantic 10% of slaves died, slaves traveling the sahara and red sea had and 80-90% mortality rate. Even after Lincoln’s emancipation proclamation took so long to settle in, until recent times, beginning in 1962 through 1980 the middle east began to let go of slavery and that was after being pressured by the rest of the world, even though international pressure made a public proclamation slavery still happens in the middle east. Mende Nazer, a former slave wrote a book on here experiences of living in a village that was attacked as a child and how she was moved around until becoming a house slave for seven years until being sent to london and making a escape, and gaining asylum.



In “Forced prostitution and modern slavery: brazil’s response.”, Chen Jiang informs the reader that Brazil is the biggest spot that human trafficking occurs in south america. Specifically the world cup that occurs in soccer pushes the average to rise from 30% to 40% along with this rise in trafficking tourism associated with brazil contributes to the rise in activity. Brazil being a tier 2 country, meaning its laws in regards of trafficking comply with the international minimum standard.different percentages exist when taking brazil into comparison of other trafficking places. So many people work under the conditions of human trafficking, legislation claims that if this working class were included into the estimeates of human trafficking the statistic would skyrochet. The prosecution rate in brazil is about the same as in the states, not many prosecutions happen leaving the assumption of corrupt law enforcment to continue in brazil too. Similarities in the mechanics of brazils trafficking are no different thatn other ocuntries including moving people from small poor countries to richer countries, removal of identification, yet brazils laws neglect cases which people are not physically forced into these situations, istead they are threatened with deprotation or tricked into indentured servitude. A legal process that is extremely slow adds to why as of 2013 50% of the population in brazil believed their judicial system was corrupt. Judges have also been known to dismiss cases involving traffickers. With brazil being underfunded there are not much for prevention efforts.




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